The abortion pill, also known as medication abortion, is a non-surgical method of ending a pregnancy using two different medications, mifepristone and misoprostol.
Mifepristone is taken first and works by blocking the hormone progesterone, which is necessary to maintain a pregnancy. This causes the lining of the uterus to thin and the cervix to soften. Within 24 to 48 hours, misoprostol is taken, which causes the uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy.
It is important to see a healthcare provider prior to a medical abortion. An ultrasound should be done to determine pregnancy location, fetal viability, and gestational age, prior to beginning the abortion process as an undiagnosed ectopic pregnancy can be life-threatening to a woman. A medical abortion can only be used up to 10 weeks into a pregnancy. It is important to note that it does not always result in ending a pregnancy and does not protect against sexually transmitted infections.
Potential side effects of medication abortion include cramping, bleeding, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Ending a pregnancy is a difficult decision for some individuals, and it is normal to experience a range of emotions during and after the process.
Common emotional side effects may include feelings of sadness, guilt, anger, or relief. Some people may also experience anxiety or depression, and it is important to seek support from a healthcare provider, counselor, or other trusted individual if you are struggling emotionally.
It is also important to note that laws and regulations surrounding medication abortion vary by country and region. In some places, it may only be available through a healthcare provider and with certain restrictions.